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[breaking news website] Do you have to "touch the river by touching foreigners" in autonomous driving?

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This 热门事件article comes from the WeChat public account "C Dimensions" (ID: C_WORLD2021). Author: Cha Youyin, Responsible Editor: Cui Liwen, Editor: chic, 36 氪 Auto authorized release.

From a business perspective, all technologies that cannot be landed are empty talk.

Once the passion, after several years of consumption, was quietly cooling.This is just as those industries that have been popular with capital, because they are always hovering in the nature of business and user value, they will eventually be entered into the cold palace.

Many people should still remember the summer of 2017. On the live broadcast of the Baidu AI Developer Conference, Li Yanhong sat on a car and drove the five rings to win the applause of countless people.

Although Li Yanhong's personal interpretation is at a cost -a fine of 100 yuan and three points deducted.But everyone has to admit that as far as the "unmanned driving" technology is concerned, this head "does not seem to be bad."

People at the time were completely optimistic.Because in the east of the Pacific Ocean, Silicon Valley in California, technology companies gathered again. As promoting the development of Internet technology together 20 years ago, trying to "remove" the driver for cars was an essential part of it.Waymo, Cruise and other companies are doing things similar to Baidu, and even go further.

Even the new forces of car building forces.Just one year ago, Tesla had released a exciting and autonomous publicity video on his website.The opening subtitles of the video claim:

The Driver's Seatis only there is religal reasons. He is not doinganything the caris drivingitSelf.

Although this video was later proved to be forged, after all, at that time, it was mixed with the publicity of many autonomous driving concept startups, which fully created a great atmosphere of autonomous driving technology to be treated.

At that time, the intelligent driving technology actually showed two very clear paths--

From the level of L12, from the general DAS to ADAS, climb to higher levels; radicals directly skip the L1/2 driving assistance system, and enter the track from the L4 "autonomous driving" system into the trackEssence

The former included all the new and foreign vehicles at the time, domestic and North American Silicon Valley Technology Corporation, and Israel's Mobileye's "dark horse" at the time.As for the latter, the traditional car companies giants who watched a "old -fashioned" posture.

But not all the beginnings that are not bad, there must be good results.

Regarding intelligent driving in 2023, we still see various "L2+", "L2.5", and even "L2.99" on the product side.

As for the service, Baidu Apollo, Pony Zhixing Pony, Wen Yuan Zhixing, and the Late Zhou Zhi Hang, etc., all ROBOTAXI can still "pilot" in limited areas of major cities across the country.

Even on the sea, the giants, such as Waymo and Cruise, once ranked first in the California Road Transportation Bureau's autonomous driving rankings, are also facing its dark moment ...

Global intelligent driving giants are generally considered to be at the edge of the "cliff" at the edge of the "cliff".

"The company deviated from my leadership. As CEO, I have a responsibility to Cruise's current situation."

On November 19, local time, after using the corporate mailbox to send the above -mentioned "sin" to all employees, Cruise's two co -founders of CRUISE, one of the two co -founders of CRUISE, also resigned officially.In less than 24 hours, Chief Product Officer Daniel Carine, also another co -founder, also immediately announced the launch.

In one day, Cruise, a subsidiary of General Group, which was regarded by the industry as the world's first overall ranking, has lost the two helmsmen who have been in charge of their ten years.

The direct reason for this result is that on August 11 this year, Silicon Valley, California, a short carnival after the ban on unmanned taxis.At that time, a Silicon Valley intelligent driving company, including Cruise, regarded it as a key milestone in autonomous driving.Kyle Worgart announced on the time of lifting the ban that in the next six months, thousands of taxis will be launched in San Francisco to support L4 autonomous driving to provide local residents with 7 × 24 hours of services.

But later things were known to many people -in less than a week, no one taxi carried out moths such as colliding with fire trucks, caught in unannished cement roads, and ten cars collectively caused congested moths.

The explanation given by Cruise is that the vehicle has actually detected and identified fire trucks, and used braking measures, but because of the chaotic cars at the crossroads, the accident could not be avoided.

As for ROBOTAXI's falling into the unattained cement pavement, this does not seem to be convicted as a CRUISE, because the municipal construction party forgot to place isolation facilities at the construction site when the accident occurred.

As for the 10 vehicles, it was found that it was a nearby open -air music festival venue, and it was using high -power radio communication equipment.It directly interfered with the vehicle's data interaction system, causing the system to lock.Although this has occurred for the second time in the past two months.

Although the above accidents and faults are technically explained by the reason for explaining. However, what we must know is that these are all impossible on someone to drive a taxi.

After this kind of accident lasted for a week, the unbearable California Motor Vehicle Administration ordered that the driverless network running in the San Francisco area of the San Francisco area should not exceed 50 units during the day, and it should not exceed 150 at night.At the same time, it was also announced that Cruise will conduct an investigation, and it is possible to revoke the driverless taxi operational qualifications of the taxi company depending on the situation.

It stands to reason that after being restricted to operation and under investigation, do you stop?Generally speaking, the drivers of the taxi team are usually useful. However, Robotaxi is not a person, and he does not know what "rolling signs". 

On October 2, 2023, a pedestrian was knocked down by an escape vehicle and was thrown on the lane next to it. Then he was subsequently hit by a coincident Robotaxi.The bad thing about the accident was that Robotaxi failed to stop in time, and even dragged the pedestrian 20 feet (6.1 meters).

In fact, the emergence of this plot is decisive.Because this means that the vehicle cannot make a judgment forced parking as soon as possible when the accident occurs.Of course, enterprises can be interpreted as "rare in related accident scenes", but after all, Cruise has been established for 10 years, and has accumulated millions of kilometers in test operation mileage."Scene", it is difficult not to doubt whether the existing L4 intelligent driving mode goes through.

Everyone may notice that only Cruise is discussed here but has not mentioned Waymo.But Waymo's condition can only be said to be better than Cruise.After the Robotaxi was opened to autonomous driving in California, a series of accidents also occurred. Fortunately, there was no personal injury accident except for killing a pet dog.

Throughout the opening of California's opening to the road this time, it seems that it is a bit of a "desperate" taste for the industry.

The six major autonomous driving companies in the United States, Waymo, Cruise, Lyft, and ZOOX cannot be commercialized because of technical problems. Uber, which originally belongs to the shared travel platform, chose to sell the business to another autonomous driving company Aurora, and the latter also faced the same faces.Technology cannot always be "mature", so that eventually commercialization cannot be implemented.

But this time the "lone note" is obviously not able to open a new world, but instead a bit of the rhythm of the "bottom pants" of the enterprise.

Cruise's parent company General Group said that it will continue to provide "unswerving support" of it, but suspended employees' shareholding, salary reduction, even 24%of the layoffs, and reducing the 2024 annual budget, etc., all of which indicate that this one used to have usedSmart driving giants must be carefully prepared to go to "winter".

The "autonomous driving" cold winter has arrived -such a statement has actually been there since the end of last year, and now it has been made up for a whole year.It seems that in all kinds of "L2.99" and "City NOA", and Robotaxi with trial -running licenses in various places, a real autonomous driving function is far away from us?

But this statement is not accurate.Because it is not only L4 or even L5, it is called automatic/unmanned driving.With the current technology, the L3 level "conditional autonomous driving" is actually close to practicality.

In the two routes that have been roughly formed in 16 years, the folding halberd of radical routes has basically been on the board.Together with a crowd of North America, those who are currently trapped in the predicament also have those Chinese companies mentioned above.

Finally, the competent departments of Beijing -Shanghai Hui and other places, and even the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, have no heads so so -called in the so -called hearings that are still in the business that they are still singing, and then forcibly engaged in "landing".Berry.

However, the phased failure of L4 does not mean the failure of autonomous driving technology.In fact, the "autonomous driving" technology that can truly be practical and commercially available has arrived.

On the 13th of this month, BMW was the first to be awarded by the Shanghai Economic and Information Commission, and the L3 -level smart driving test license was obtained.The license is permitted to carry out the on -road testing of L3 -level "Conditional Autonomous Driving" vehicles in some "City High Expressway" section in Shanghai in Shanghai.On the 16th, Mercedes -Benz was also permitted by the Beijing Economic and Information Commission, which was allowed to conduct similar tests in the express section of some cities in Beijing.

The so -called L3 level is "conditional autonomous driving".Wangwen can be business, and this autonomous driving function can be started only under specific conditions.

So for BMW and Mercedes -Benz, what is the "condition"?The answer is: closed highways, or urban fast elevated sections, and the speed does not exceed 60km per hour. It is specifically targeted at peak congestion scenes.Just as BMW and Mercedes -Benz are officially introduced, they explain their intelligent driving functions -aiming to solve the problem of driving takeover during the congested road section.

This means that if the driver is equipped with a car with this function and encounters traffic congestion in the city, the driver can activate the driving function and hand over the driving right to the vehicle itself.The driver himself can take out books to read, send and receive emails with mobile devices, or take out a mobile phone to swipe videos, and so on.

In short, you can shift your eyes and attention from the windshield of the vehicle to do what you want to do.The requirement for the driver is only that the buttocks are absolutely not to leave the driver's seat, and they must also ensure not to fall asleep.

Now that the upper limit threshold of 60km is set, once the road condition is restored, that is, the speed of the vehicle will maintain a speed of 60km in a short time and keep the lane. At the same time, the cockpit voice will prompt the driver to take over the vehicle.

If the driver does not respond in a timely manner, the system will try to tighten the driver's security to bring further prompts after a few seconds.If the response is not yet obtained, the vehicle will reduce the speed, and then automatically stop the side brakes, and simultaneously enable the vehicle emergency calling system.

BMW names its system as Personal Pilot, and Mercedes -Benz's system is called Drive Pilot.In terms of launch requirements and basic functions, the two are similar. When controlling vehicles, they follow the current straight track, and only switch lanes when necessary.

If a serious traffic accident appears in front, or when an accidental disorder cannot be avoided, the system will prompt the driver to take over the operation by prompting the sound or tightening the seat belt.

Since January 2021, the UN-R157 regulations have officially entered into force in the European Union countries, and the above two systems have been tested for more than one and a half years at high speeds in urban fast roads in Germany, which proves that this kind of congested road autonomous driving systemEffectiveness and safety.

Especially Mercedes -Benz's Drive Pilot even maintained a perfect record of zero accidents during the road test.

It is worth noting that the sensor system that realizes the above function is similar to the current mainstream and intelligent driving system in China, which is similar.Whether BMW or Mercedes -Benz, it is a combination of lidar+millimeter wave radar+visual sensor.The differences in their respectives are nothing more than the number of quantities, and the difference in the installation location.

Of course, if you want to be as perfect as possible in the response of road conditions, high -precision maps are also essential.The two German car companies seem to have a tacit understanding. From the beginning, it has clear that high -precision maps are an important part of the entire system for decision -making.In addition to providing centimeter -level lane information, as well as various obstacles along the line, and high -primary data that spans objects, high -precision maps also constantly refresh various road conditions information, used to predict the intelligent driving system in advance.

In fact, similar issues should have a wide consensus. The battle that has previously available and no pictures in China, instead of technical considerations, is actually more like a bargain between car companies and service providers.Press.

Without an accident, BMW and Mercedes -Benz, which are equipped with the flagship sedan of their respective L3 -level wisdom driving systems, will be officially launched in the first half of next year.However, according to BMW, 5 -series cars with similar systems will be launched later next year.This is "In order to ensure that more car owners can enjoy the convenience brought by the system."

In fact, when BMW and Mercedes -Benz took the lead in the news of the domestic L3 -level wisdom driving system on the road test card, many people were very disappointing.

Because of the technologies accumulated in the field of intelligent driving in the field of intelligence, at least the number of NOA functions that are currently open to the ground of the city are absolutely powerful solutions in a short period of time.

After all, in the past few years, the new domestic forces have developed their respective intelligence driving skills, and its popularity can be described as fierce cooking oil.Throughout the world, it is only one Tesla that can be treated with it in strength.

After all, BMW and Mercedes -Benz, the old fuel giants who have not done enough in terms of new energy, took the lead in taking out the L3 -level wisdom driving system that can be landed, and the real "autonomous driving".And this really makes many people feel relieved.

But in the final analysis, some things are the parts outside the technology.

As an industrialized country in modern history, although my country has gone through the ultra -rapid development of the last 30 years, it has caught up in many fields and even reached the world's advanced level.But overall, China is still just a "post -rising star" in the post -industrial era.

"Later" also means that in the era of development, it has the opportunity to formulate standards with various players.And can only adhere to the attitude of "bringingism", and Hua Yang is a reference.This is particularly obvious in terms of automotive industry.

And this "touching foreigners" operations are huge inertia.There seems to be no problem in thinking.What's more, if you keep a test cycle close to Germany, at best, it will be one or two years later than Germany.

On the other side of the problem, it is not because of the enterprise.

In the field of domestic vehicle wisdom, Huawei is obviously the strongest strength.And once trying to build a car independently, the intelligent driving technology can use Apollo's data and algorithm's auspiciousness/Ji Yue, which obviously has good strength.

As for Xiaopeng, although the departure of the soul character Wu Xinzhou is a major blow, after all, the system it has established is still there, and the team brought out is still there. I believe that it still has the strength to enter the forefront.

But so far, all of them are not setting the main selling point as the NOA function of "point -to -point".The expressions of various "L2.X" are actually the dilated use of L4.Perhaps commercial value is huge, but the actual user value is very limited.Especially when the laws and regulations are not supported, it is more like dazzling skills.

Don't blame anything, lack of relevant legislation in China.If domestic head companies can also take out the functions like BMW Personal Pilot or Mercedes -Benz Drive Pilot in the past few years, then is there a chance to promote legislative work?The answer is obviously yes.

Don't say that "L3 is worthless" such as ghost words, because the author is the most typical, living in first -tier cities, and being trapped in a group of hard work on the road to work in the morning and evening.The owners like us are tens of millions of major cities across the country.

Obviously there is technology. Obviously higher technology can be implemented in a relegation way. Why is it still "foreigners" to help us "sample" in the end?


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