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[breaking news website] Overview of Taiwan Province

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Taiwan Province

Abbreviation: Taiwan

Provincial capital: Taipei

Area: 36,Current affairs hot websites000 square kilometers

Population: 23.3 million (as of 2023)

Language: Chinese, Minnan, Hakka

Nations: Han, Takayama clan

Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Christian Protestantism

Main cities: Taipei, Xinbei, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung, etc.

Famous monuments: Taipei Palace Museum, Taipei 101, Alishan, Taipei Sun Yat -sen Memorial Hall, Chihuman Building, Sun Moon Lake, Alishan, Yushan

Specialties: pineapple cake, alpine tea, frozen top oolong tea

Currency: NT $

台湾省概况

In ancient times, Taiwan was connected to the mainland. Later, due to crustal movements, the connected parts sank into the sea, forming the Taiwan Strait, and Taiwan Island appeared.The archeological cultural relics of the prehistoric period of Taiwan have a close relationship with the culture of the southeast of mainland China. Humans in the prehistoric period of Taiwan were mainly moved from Fujian through the "Dongshan Land Bridge" in the southern part of the Taiwan Strait.In ancient my country, history books were called Shimiyu, Yizhou, Liu Qiu, etc. During the Southern Song Dynasty, Penghu Islands had belonged to Fujian Road. In the Ming Dynasty, it was known as Taiwan. In 1624 and 1626, the Netherlands and Spanish colonists invaded Taiwan.The colonial rule of the Netherlands in Taiwan has lasted for 38 years; the colonial rule of Spanish colonists in Taiwan has continued for 16 years.In 1661, the national hero Zheng Cheng's power soldier recovered Taiwan, and signed the "Zheng He Denghe Treaty" on February 1, 1662. At this point, the Chinese people recovered the treasure island Taiwan, which was occupied by the Dutch colonial.In 1684, the Qing Dynasty set up Taixia Road, the Communist Party of China and Xiamen, and the Tongzhi was set up in Xiamen. There were three counties in one house.Tainan), Fengshan County (about Kaohsiung, Pingtung County), Zhu Luo County (north of Chiayi County, about today, excluding today's Yilan County, Hualien County, Taitung County), belonging to Fujian Province and becoming Fujian ProvinceThe ninth house.In 1887, the Fujian and Taiwan governance was officially realized. Taiwan was separated separately, and the official name was Fujian Taiwan Province.In 1894, the Sino -Japanese Sino -Japanese War broke out, and the Qing government sent Li Hongzhang to Japan and the Japanese Prime Minister Ito Bowen signed the "Maguan Treaty" that funerals and humiliated the country on April 17, 1895.This drink hates half a century.It was not until Japan's defeat and surrender that Taiwan returned to the motherland.On October 25, 1945, Taiwan's restoration

台湾省概况

Taiwan Province is located on a continental shelf on the southeast coast of my country. It is facing the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Taiwan Strait in the west.Taiwan Province is composed of Affiliated Islands, Taiwan Island, Taiwan, and Lanyu, Green Island, Diaoyu Islands and Penghu Islands

台湾省概况

Taiwan terrain

Taiwan is a narrow -shaped island that looks like banana leaves. It is roughly divided into five major terrain: mountainous, hills, basins, plains, and Taiwan. The topographic characteristics of many mountains in the east, hills in the middle, and multi -plains in the west.There are five major mountains, four major plains, and three major basins in Taiwan Island: the Central Mountains, Snow Mountains, Yushan Mountains, Alishan and Taitung Mountains; Yilan Plain, Jianan Plain, Pingtung Plain and Taitung Zonggu Plain (and againCalled Huadong Rapa Plain); Taipei Basin, Taichung Basin and Puli Basin.Among them, there are 7 peaks above 3800 meters above sea level, and there are 268 peaks of more than 3,000 meters.The main peak of Yushan is 3952 meters above sea level. It is located at the junction of Nantou County, Kaohsiung City, and Chiayi County. It is the first peak of Taiwan Island and the highest peak in eastern China.The main rivers include Tamsui River, Dajiaxi, Dazanxi, Zhuoshui Creek, Gaopingxi, Zeng Wenxi and so on.Taiwan Island is located on the Pacific Volcanic Earthquake Belt. There are many terrain faults that are likely to cause earthquakes. It is the most frequent area of the Chinese earthquake. From 1914 to 2014, a total of 3888 magnitude 5 and above earthquakes occurred in China from 1914 to 2014.35.9%happened in Taiwan.It is mainly concentrated in western Taiwan, East and Northeast

Taiwan Province spans the northern return line and is affected by the warm currents of Taiwan all year round.The North Tropic of Cancer passes through Chiayi, Hualien and other places in the central and southern parts of Taiwan Island. The north and south of Taiwan Island are traded into two climate areas: the subtropical monsoon climate in the central and north, and the south is a tropical monsoon climate. The average temperature in January was 13 to 20 ° C, and the average temperature in July was 24 to 29 ° C. Taiwan Province is one of the most precipitated areas in my country, and the rainfall in various places changes.East and northern and northern areas are heavy and rainy throughout the year. The area with the largest annual rainfall in my country is a fire burning in the northeast of Taiwan. It is located in Pingxi District, New Taipei City, with an altitude of 380 meters. 1912), known as the "rain pole" in China; and Keelung Port was called "Raingang" due to the abundant rainfall.Taiwan is also an invasion of typhoons in my country; one of the largest areas, June to September is the typhoon season, the most in August, with an average of three to four typhoons in the summer and autumn.Typhoon provides abundant water, but uneven distribution of rainfall space and time, which can easily cause disasters such as floods and mudslides

The Taiwan region is identified as a developed economy by the International Monetary Fund and the "World Overview of the World Intelligence Agency".In 2020, the nominal GDP completed in Taiwan was approximately NT $ 1.976 trillion, and the actual increase of 2.98%after excluding price change.Based on the average exchange rate of NT $ and the US dollar, the average exchange rate of the US dollar and the RMB to US $ 664.8 billion, about 4585.524 billion yuan, it ranked seventh in various provinces, cities, and autonomous regions in China; in 2020, the per capita GDP per capita in Taiwan was about 26,910 US dollars.The 28th in the world; foreign exchange reserves ranked sixth in the world.In 2018, the human development index in Taiwan was 0.911, and the 21st place in the world

台湾省概况

Taiwan Province currently has 22 counties and cities, of which Taipei, Xinbei, Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan and Kaohsiung are 6 prefecture -level cities; Keelung, Hsinchu, Chiayi are three provinces; and 13 counties: Hsinchu, Hsinchu, Hsinchu, Hsinchu, Hsinchu, Hsinchu, HsinchuMiaoli, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Pingtung, Taitung, Hualien, Yilan, Penghu (Note: Kinmen, Matsu and other areas such as the actual control of the Taiwan authorities)

台湾省概况

Human Map of Taiwan

The southern Fujian culture represented by the southern Fujian people and the Hakka culture represented by the Hakkas and the new culture brought by the people from other provinces are integrated in Taiwan.At the same time, there is also the South Island culture represented by the Taiwan ethnic minorities.In addition, due to the 50 years of the Japanese Japanese occupation period, and the profound impact of contemporary European and American and East Asian popular culture on Taiwan, Taiwan culture also merged the cultural characteristics of Japan, Europe and the United States.Most Taiwanese use traditional traditional Chinese.Due to the implementation of compulsory education and the mandatory promotion in the early days of the war, standard Chinese is currently the most common language between Taiwanese. The other common language is Minnan and Hakka, and the language of Taiwan ethnic minorities.There are religions such as Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, and Christianity in Taiwan. They not only advocate traditional beliefs, but also accept foreign religious ideas, that is, absorb Japanese, European and American culture and other characteristics

educate

The implementation of the 12 -year basic education in the Taiwan region is the six -year system at all levels, the three -year system of junior high school, and the 3 -year system (including senior vocational schools) and the 4 -year system of general universities.Famous universities in Taiwan include Taiwan University, Yangming Jiaotong University in Taiwan, Tsinghua University of Taiwan, Taiwan Chenggong University, Taiwan University of Political University, Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan Normal University.

Taipei

台湾省概况

Taipei is located in the Taipei Basin and is surrounded by New Taipei City. It is the provincial capital of the provincial province and the province's political, economic, cultural and transportation centers.There are 12 districts in the city, with a total area of 271.8 square kilometers. As of 2022, Taipei has a population of 2.5045977 million, and the population density ranks first in Taiwan.The history of Taipei can be traced back to the late Qing Dynasty. In 1876, the Qing government established the Taipei government and the administration of Taiwan.During the Japanese occupation period, Taipei established the "Municipal Office" in charge of municipalities in 1920 and was regarded as the beginning of the official establishment of the city.After the National Government received Taiwan in 1945, Taipei became the provincial municipality. The Taipei City Government was formally established on November 1, 1945.Taipei is rated as the world's first -tier cities by the world's most authoritative world city research institutions. It is the city's metropolitan area with Taipei as the center and surrounding cities.The largest companies, enterprises, and banks all set the headquarters here


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